Last Updated on October 14, 2020
If you’re not a mechanic, you might’ve never heard of a brake booster before. But the truth is that your car likely has one, and if it stops working, you’re going to notice.
Whether you’re curious about how they work, signs to look for in a faulty brake booster, or you’re trying to figure out how much money it’s going to cost for a replacement, keep reading.
What is a Brake Booster?
Just like your power steering makes it easy for you to turn the steering wheel, your brake booster makes it easy to press the brakes. Brake boosters amplify the amount of force you apply to the pedal to the brake calipers or drums, making it easier to stop on a dime.
There are multiple different styles of brake boosters – but they all serve the same purpose.
Bad Brake Booster Symptoms
There are a couple of telltale signs of a bad brake booster, and they are pretty easy to diagnose. Even if you can’t tell the difference between a lug nut and a spark plug, you should be able to figure it out after reading the following symptoms!
#1 – Hard Brake Pedal
If your brake booster fails, the first thing you’ll probably notice is that it will be hard to press the brake pedal down.
It makes sense. The entire point of the brake booster is to make it easier to press down the brakes. If it fails, then it’ll get harder!
#2 – Increased Stopping Distance and Leaking Brake Fluid
An increased stopping distance isn’t a direct sign of your brake booster failing, but it’s a sign that you need to dig a little deeper.
That’s because if your brake booster is leaking, your brakes won’t work as efficiently. The best thing you can do if you notice that your vehicle’s stopping distance is increasing is to inspect the brake booster for a leak.
If you identify a leak between the brake booster and the master cylinder, you’ll have to figure out which component is leaking. This is close to impossible, which is why many mechanics opt for changing both parts simultaneously.
See Also: DOT 3 vs DOT 4 Brake Fluid
#3 – Hissing Noises
If your brake booster is vacuum operated, you might hear a hissing noise when you depress the brakes. This indicates that your brake booster has a vacuum leak, which will prevent it from working effectively.
#4 – Illuminated Warning Light(s)
Depending on the type of vehicle you drive and the built-in safety features, you might have a wide variety of different lights illuminate on your dashboard if you have a faulty brake booster.
Can You Drive with a Faulty Brake Booster?
The short answer is yes. The full answer is a bit more complicated.
Many cars don’t have a brake booster, so you can still drive without any vital problems if yours isn’t working correctly. All you’ll have to do is press down extra hard on the brakes when you want to stop.
However, all that depends on what is wrong with your booster. If it’s leaking brake fluid, you absolutely should not drive your car with it. Leaking brake fluid will lead to decreased braking performance – a significant problem.
Furthermore, your leak can go from a trickle to a waterfall at any moment and you might not be able to stop at all. Finally, if you do need to stop in an instant, you don’t want to worry about whether or not you can press down on the brakes hard enough.
So, yes, you can drive with a faulty brake booster, but we can’t recommend it.
Brake Booster Replacement Cost
Replacing your brake booster isn’t the cheapest job in the world. The total costs for parts and labor typically range between $500 and $800 for everything you need to get on the road again. These costs will vary depending on where you take your vehicle and what kind of vehicle you drive.
If you’re willing to do the work yourself, a new brake booster typically costs between $100 and $150, but if you drive a bigger vehicle, they can cost up to $300 or more. Keep in mind that you will need to change your brake fluid and bleed your brakes – which is another 20 to 40 dollars in part costs.
Meanwhile, the labor costs for these services usually ranges between 300 and 400 dollars to replace your booster. However, since they will need to bleed your brakes too, you need to add another 75 to 100 dollars to that estimate.
If your brake booster is leaking from the check valve, you might get lucky and just need to order a check valve and grommet kit. These typically cost under 10 dollars, but you will need to replace your brake fluid too.
Related: DOT 5 Brake Fluid Compatibility
How to Test a Brake Booster
There are two simple tests you can utilize to check if your brake booster is working correctly.
The first test tells you if the brake booster is amplifying your braking pressure as it should.
- With the engine off, pump your brakes by depressing the brake pedal a few times until the pedal gets stiff.
- Once the pedal is stiff, keep pushing down while starting the engine.
- The pedal should depress a little more after starting the engine. If it does, then your brake booster is working correctly.
- If the vehicle fails this test, it has a faulty brake booster.
- For the second test, all you need to do is start the engine and depress the brake pedal.
- Turn off the engine while keeping the pedal depressed.
- If it doesn’t drop to the floorboard after 20 to 45 seconds, your brake system is airtight – including your brake booster.
- However, if the pedal does fall to the floorboard, it doesn’t necessarily mean that your brake booster is the problem.
- You’ll need to rule out any other potential leaks in the system before identifying your brake booster as the problem.