5 Symptoms of a Bad Oil Pump (and Replacement Cost)

Last Updated on July 7, 2020

The oil pump lubricates a running engine by supplying it with oil. This lubrication prevents the engine’s metal components from making contact with each other. The oil pump also absorbs heat from the engine’s components while they’re running.

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Even though the oil pump may seem heavy duty, it can fail over time. It’s important to recognize the signs of when the oil pump is starting to wear out, as this means the engine and its components won’t be lubricated.

What really happens when an oil pump fails is that severe engine damage can occur if you don’t replace it right away. Below, we’ll discuss more of the symptoms of a bad oil pump and the estimated costs for replacing it.

Top 5 Bad Oil Pump Symptoms

There are many symptoms to look for when the oil pump goes bad. Some of the common symptoms are: noise from the valve train, strange noises from the hydraulic lifters, reduced oil pressure, a hotter engine, and a noisy oil pump.

Usually, the oil pump doesn’t get servicing until it actually starts to fail. Once it does, it’ll quickly damage your engine.

#1 – Low Oil Pressure/Oil Pressure Warning Light Comes on

low oil pressure warning light on

Oil pressure is regulated by the oil pump. When the oil pump goes bad, oil pressure will start to decrease while in the engine. Usually, the first sign of decreased oil pressure will be on your dashboard when the low oil pressure warning light turns on.

Once this happens, check to see what your oil level is. If it’s too low, add more oil until the oil level is normal again. In the event your oil pressure is still low after this, it means the oil pump is bad. Replace the pump right away before the symptoms get worse.

#2 – Increased Temperature in Engine

high temperature gauge

As oil is pumped into the engine, it acts as a lubricant, cooling the engine’s moving metal components. When the engine doesn’t get enough oil, these metal components rub together and produce heat. A warning light on your dashboard to signal that your engine’s temperature is high once enough heat is generated.

Once the engine becomes too overheated, it can cause damage to your engine and its components. Since it would cost thousands of dollars to repair this kind of damage, it’s best to get your car to a mechanic right away once the warning light comes on.

#3 – Valve-Train Noise

valves

There are critical components in the valve-train system which enable the engine to keep running. Aside from the hydraulic lifters in the valve-train, it also contains push rods, seals, and valve guides. These components all depend on oil to flow through them so they can be lubricated.

When they aren’t properly lubricated due to low oil, these components can seize and stop working altogether. The valve-train will also produce a lot of noise as the oil levels continue to decrease.

#4 – Oil Pump Noise

symptoms of a bad oil pump

A noisy oil pump is a rare symptom, as oil pumps only make noise when they’re starting to fail. You’ll probably hear a whirring or whining sound when this happens, even when the car is idle.

This indicates the oil pump’s internal gears are worn out, meaning you’ll need to replace the entire pump.

#5 – Hydraulic Lifters Noise

noise while driving

Hydraulic lifters are crucial for sustaining the functionality of your valve-train. These lifters can only function properly when they are lubricated with enough oil. A faulty oil pump will cause oil pressure to decrease to the point where oil can’t flow into the hydraulic lifters of the engine.

This will cause the hydraulic lifters to make noise because they aren’t being properly lubricated. As a result, they will wear out quickly. On some cars, the the type of oil you use has a direct effect on lifter noise.

Replacement Cost of an Oil Pump

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oil pump replacement cost

The two main costs you’ll have when replacing an oil pump are the parts cost and then the labor cost for replacing the old pump. You could always install the part yourself to save money, but a mistake could make things much worse. A new oil pump will cost you anywhere from $100 to $300, depending on the make and model of your car.

As for labor costs, it will generally run around $200 or $300, since it takes a few hours for the mechanics to complete this type of job. Therefore, the total price you can expect to pay for an oil pump replacement is $300 to $600.

Maintenance Tips

The oil pump is made to be durable so it should last you for years. However, like all manufactured car parts, they will eventually wear out with age. That’s why you should pay attention to the oil pressure and heat in your vehicle at all times.

Never assume that overheating is caused by the radiator without checking for proof. A noise coming out of your engine is a clear warning sign that the oil pump is in trouble. This noise means that oil isn’t flowing into the engine’s components to lubricate them. Always change your oil pump if you notice these symptoms occurring.

 

22 thoughts on “5 Symptoms of a Bad Oil Pump (and Replacement Cost)”

  1. Nice article. One tid bit of information missing that I’d have liked to have seen…. How long does an oil pump typically last for? 300,000km? 200,000km? 150,000km? etc

    Reply
    • oil pump is not fast moving parts. generally when your engine always keep maintenance well and always drive in procedure way, it will take long life span.

      Reply
  2. Oil is not getting to the lifters and the top of the engine in a 427/390 hp corvette engine, but the oil pressure gauge shows 60 psi. The distributor is installed correctly as the engine starts and runs (with a lot of noise) This is suddenly after running several thousand miles without and apparent problems. Please help if you can.

    Reply
  3. I have a Mitsubishi 4g54 b2600 1988 it seized so I reground the crank replaced rings bearings oil pump and put it together and it won’t suck up oil . Then the chain snapped.

    Reply
  4. I have a 1990 Chevy pickup it show low oil on the gauge and the oil is level is good but the oil pressure is low on the gauge I can’t figure it out

    Reply
    • It will probably sit somewhere in the neighborhood of $600-1000 if you take it to a shop. The pump itself can be had for less than $150 if you can replace it yourself.

      Reply
    • The oil pump for your car will likely cost between $100 and $200 for the part itself and probably another $400 to $600 for labor. It’s a good idea to get estimates from a few shops to find the best deal.

      Reply
  5. I have a 2010 Audi A3 2.0T Hatchback, how much would an oil pump replacement be? I don’t know if it’s the oil pump but I do hear gurgling noises sometimes 5-10 min after just turning the engine off, but no signs of overheating on the gauge whatsoever. Any help please on what it could be ??

    Reply
    • I think you will be looking at roughly $1,000 to 1,500 for an oil pump replacement. Before going that route, I would make sure the fault is with the oil pump. Do some testing or have a mechanic inspect the car before putting that kind of money into a part that may not be the root cause of your issue.

      An oil pump failure often leaves you with low oil pressure, so you would probably see a light on the dash. Low oil pressure can destroy an engine very quickly.

      Reply
  6. Can the symptoms cause a knock? The person i bought my 97 k1500 from said, “It was a rebuild. Bored 30 over pistons to match. Crank was 10 over. New roller cam and lifters. New radiator. Took off the oil cooler lines. They continued to leak even if they were new. Replaced with solid vertical housing to fit a bigger filter.” Not sure what might be wrong.

    Reply
    • A bad oil pump could cause a knock, yes. If your oil pump is bad, oil will not circulate through the engine properly causing excessive wear and catastrophic damage.

      Reply
  7. I have a 2005 Envoy Denali with a 5.3 motor .I got low oil pressure when you start it when you give it some gas it goes back up when you let it idle it goes back down does this mean my oil pump is going bad.

    Reply
    • It could be. Check your oil to rule out a low oil level. I wouldn’t drive the vehicle unless you absolutely have to until you figure out if it’s the oil pump. A failed oil pump can cause catastrophic engine damage.

      Reply
  8. I have a 2003 dodge ram 2500 the oil pressure kept going down and up I changed the oil and filter and now the oil pressure is great but it has a knock like a valve could it be the oil pump

    Reply
    • Not sure. If you truly had low oil pressure it could be anything. You might need a mechanic’s stethoscope to tell exactly where the knocking is coming from and then go from there.

      If the knocking is coming from the top end it’s probably valvetrain noise. If it’s coming from the bottom end it may be something more expensive like rod knock.

      Reply
  9. Hi im deaf . My car name is Buick Regal turbo 2014 . I have a problem my car is cause oil pump leak look like bad black oil. How much cost for fix oil pump?

    Reply

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