Air and fuel are the heart of the internal combustion process. The proper amount of air and fuel must enter the internal combustion chamber if the ignition is going to be successful. Otherwise, you might have a situation where your engine either consumes too much fuel or under performs.
The engine control unit normally regulates the flow of air and fuel into the chamber. This is the central computer which manages virtually all the internal functions of a vehicle, including how much fuel gets injected into the combustion chamber. But if the computer were to malfunction or some other problems were to exist in the fuel injection system, then it could cause the engine to receive more fuel than it needs to sustain the vehicle’s power demands.
Trouble Code P0172
Your engine control unit is constantly monitoring and communicating with the sensors of your fuel injection system. If the unit detects that too much fuel is in the combustion chamber, the powertrain will generate the following diagnostic trouble code: P0172. There are several sensors and instruments used to detect the quantity of fuel within the exhaust gases of the chamber. These include the manifold absolute pressure, mass air flow sensor, and the oxygen sensors. Whenever there is too much fuel, that means there is not enough oxygen.
The term “Bank 1” refers to the area of the engine that has the first cylinder, which is technically cylinder # 1. The oxygen sensors measure the quantity of oxygen in the exhaust gases that are in this cylinder. If the sensors detect that there is very little oxygen present, it means the ratio of air-to-fuel is not where it needs to be. The normal ratio is 14.7:1 for most gasoline engines. This ensures the engine generates the most amount of power possible with the least amount of fuel. If the engine control unit detects the bank 1 cylinder is “too rich,” it means it is too rich in fuel and not enough in oxygen.
There are several reasons why this problem could exist. The most common reasons include faulty oxygen sensors or a filthy mass air flow sensor. Sometimes your fuel injector might be worn out and leaking fuel into the chamber unintentionally. You need to be sure your fuel injector and fuel regulator are working fine. Other possible reasons include bad spark plugs, a vacuum leak, or a glitch in the engine control unit.