4 Symptoms of a Bad Secondary Injection Pump (and Replacement Cost)

bad secondary air injection pump

Today’s vehicles come loaded with a significant amount of sophisticated components, many of which are engineered to reduce a vehicle’s carbon footprint. This, of course, was necessitated by the implementation of new, highly-stringent emissions standards during the 1970s and 80s. Automakers were forced to achieve compliance, at the threat of heavy fines. One such emissions-related … Read more

P0411 Code (Symptoms, Causes, and How to Fix)

P0411 code

Over the past several decades, great strides have been made in the area of vehicle smog reduction. The bulk of these improvements came in direct response to various EPA mandates that were passed down during the 1970s and 80s. Automakers are now restricted from selling vehicles that are not compliant with these mandates. The need … Read more

P0410 Code (Symptoms, Causes, and How to Fix)

P0410 code

The emissions systems found in today’s vehicles tend to be quite complicated in their design. This is due to the fact that this system utilizes a host of individual components, each of which plays a pivotal role in reducing the volume of noxious output emitted from a vehicle’s exhaust pipe. For a vehicle’s emission system … Read more