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Symptoms and Diagnosing of Intake Manifold Gasket Leak

January 6, 2017 | Engine Info

The components of an engine have gaskets that are placed between them before they’re assembled. These gaskets act as a seal between the components so they can do their jobs properly. You’ll find gaskets are usually made out of metal, rubber, paper, or all three combined together.

Out of all the gaskets in the engine, the intake manifold gaskets are crucial for sustaining the functionality of the engine. If this particular gasket were to start leaking, it would spell trouble for your vehicle. That is why you need to learn about what the symptoms are of a leaky intake manifold gasket. Once you recognize this, you can proceed to fix the problem without wasting any more time.

However, you should take the opportunity to learn about how the intake manifold gasket functions before you start diagnosing it as having a potential leak. That way, you won’t confuse the symptoms of the vehicle with another potential problem it may be having.

Symptoms of Intake Manifold Gasket Leak

Leaky Engine Coolant

Engine coolant is sealed by intake manifold gaskets in the engine. If damage were to come to the seal, all the pressurized coolant it is holding back may seep through it.  Often times, the coolant will have debris and dirt inside of it which will create even more problems. If the debris is thick enough, it will cause more wear on the surfaces. Not only that, leaky coolant will also cause air from the outside to get into the engine through the seal. Anytime oxygen is present, it will drastically increase the amount of corrosion that forms. This will cause even more damage to the surface.

An Overheated Engine

When coolant continues to leak, it will eventually cause the engine to overheat. But in some circumstances, the engine can still overheat even if the coolant does not appear to be leaking. Sometimes coolant will leak out of the intake manifold gaskets and go right into the intake manifold, causing the engine to overheat. On the outside, you would not see any signs of this leak. The only way you will know is when the engine starts to overheat. Then you can investigate and determine if this is the problem. If so, then get it fixed at an auto shop right away.

Air Fuel Mixture Ratio Will Be Affected

Air and fuel need to be mixed precisely as it goes into the intake manifold. This allows it to be distributed properly through the cylinders of the manifold. But if there were to be a change in the level of air or fuel in this mixture, it would have a negative impact on the performance of the engine. Therefore, if you were to have leaky coolant from a damaged intake manifold gasket, then more air may get into the intake manifold and cause an imbalanced mixture. Once that happens, the symptoms will typically be rough idling and numerous backfires. If you experience these symptoms, it may not tell you exactly where the problem is in the intake manifold, but you will at least know that you need to have it checked out.

Diagnosing an Intake Manifold Gasket

If engines have aluminum cylinder heads on them, you can expect to have corrosion near the ports of the coolant. The intake manifold gasket’s seal bead has plastic under it that may be eaten away as well. If you see this, then it means the seal will not hold and will be susceptible to leakage. As a result, the gasket would not be the cause of the leak in this case.

Coolant Leak Testing

If coolant leaks on the outside of the gasket, then you can see it with your own two eyes. But if there are internal leaks which cause the coolant to flow into the oil or combustion chamber, then you won’t be able to spot them that easily.

What you’ll want to do is give your system a complete inspection. Start by checking the oil for signs of foaming or other types of contamination. You should also pull the codes so you know exactly what you’re dealing with. If the codes relate to the oxygen or efficiency sensor, then it means that coolant has gotten into the combustion chamber. Since phosphates are found in the coolant, along with other chemicals, this will cause damage to the catalytic converter and the oxygen sensor.

If you have a V8 or V6 engine, you can use the codes to figure out which bank has the leak. Any big leaks that are in the runner may give you a misfire code. If you experience this problem for extended periods of time, take out all the spark plugs in your vehicle. See if the electrodes have any chalky white deposits on them because this is the markings that coolant will leave on them. By following these techniques, it will help you determine where the leak is coming from and if more tests need to be done, such as leak down checks or compression checks.

Air Leak Testing

A fuel trim problem can occur if the intake manifold has the tiniest leak. If you just use your eyes and ears to find the leak, it will become very time-consuming.

Anytime air leaks through the intake manifold, it will cause air to get sucked in rather than pushed out. Whatever is in the air that’s pulled in will compromise the mixture of the fuel and air, which will impact the emission system and the engine system.

If you have a smoke machine, then multiple leaks can be diagnosed in a shorter amount of time. This machine does this by allowing the intake manifold to become pressurized while placing vapor and smoke into the system. So, if a leak truly does exist, then smoke will be drawn out.

Find a vacuum port and attach the smoke machine to it just like you would have the brake booster connected to the supply line. Ensure that you have the right sized plug when blocking the throttle body. You’ll also want the PCV system to be blocked off as well.

If the PCV system or oil filter has smoke coming out of it and the engine is not misfiring, then it probably means there is a crack or leak underneath the intake manifold. It may also mean the valve seals or guides are too worn out.

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